Eco-friendly concrete with chemically treated end-of-life tires: Mechanical strength, shrinkage, and flexural performance of RC beams

Md Jihad Miah, Adewumi John Babafemi, Suvash Chandra Paul, Sih Ying Kong, Ye Li, Jeong Gook Jang

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The disposal of waste end-of-life vehicle tires has become a major environmental issue around the globe, as it is not completely biodegradable and can be a massive threat to the environment. Several researchers have attempted to use tires as aggregate with and without chemical treatment. However, to the best of the authors' knowledge, no research has investigated the performance of clay brick aggregate (CBA) concrete by replacing the CBA with bleached powder-treated waste rubber tire aggregate (WRTA) at different treatment times. Within this context, this study examines the mechanical strength, shrinkage, and flexural performance of reinforced concrete (RC) beams made with seven replacement percentages (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 50 % by volume) of CBA by WRTA treated with H2O, NaOH, and bleaching powder (BP) for 2 h and 72 h. The experimental outcomes reveal that as the percentage of untreated WRTA increases, the slump, dry density, and mechanical strength decrease. Furthermore, concrete shrinkage increases with the increasing content of untreated WRTA in the mix. Likewise, the flexural load of RC beams declines with an increased percentage of untreated WRTA. It has been observed that the concrete made with WRTA treated with NaOH and BP has significantly higher mechanical strength, a flexural load carrying capacity of RC beams, and lower shrinkage compared to the untreated WRTA. The improvement in all properties was more remarkable for the treatment with BP than NaOH and treatment of 72 h than 2 h. The findings reveal that 15 % WRTA treated with BP solution for 72 h can be used as a CBA replacement whose design strength is not significantly high (fcat28days ≈ 20 MPa).

Original languageEnglish
Article number128970
Number of pages16
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2022


  • Chemical treatment
  • Mechanical strength
  • Reinforced concrete beams
  • Shrinkage
  • Waste rubber tire

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