Ebb and flow: Structural and spatial change in Victoria's brewing industry, 1870–1900

Gavin Wood, Declan Martin, Liz Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


The brewing industry has undergone profound structural and spatial change over the last 150 years. We examine how consolidation began in Victoria's brewing industry using a historical GIS approach. We argue that industry restructuring was shaped by four interlocking dynamics between 1870 and 1900: (1) structural economic change; (2) railway development; (3) technological innovation; and (4) regulatory reform. We show that the ebb and flow of these interacting dynamics generated a non-linear process of change. Similar to North America and Europe, the industry became highly concentrated. However, this process was complicated by local factors such as climate, economy, and distance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-381
Number of pages27
JournalAsia-Pacific Economic History Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • beer
  • brewing
  • geography
  • historical GIS
  • industry restructuring
  • socio-technical change
  • urban history

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