Early stages of the hydrolysis of chromium(III) in aqueous solution-VII. Kinetics of dimerization of deprotonated forms of doubly bridged dimer

Michael R. Grace, Leone Spiccia

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The dimerization of the doubly bridged hydrolytic dimer of CrIII to give tetramer has been followed in the pH range 3.4-5.0, using a pH stat facility. Acid is liberated as the reaction proceeds and initial rates were estimated from the volume of base added to maintain constant pH with time. The reaction was followed only over the first 8% of dimer conversion to ensure that tetramer was the major product. The pH dependence of kobs has been successfully fitted to an expression which assumes the predominance of three reaction pathways: Cr2(μ-OH)2(OH)3++Cr2(μ-OH)2(OH)3+ → tetramer k11 = (2.18 ± 0.21) × 10-4 M-1 s-1; Cr2(μ-OH)2(OH)22++Cr2(μ-OH)2(OH)3+ → tetramer k21 = (5.2 ± 3.2) × 10-3 M-1 s-1; Cr2(μ-OH)2(OH)22++Cr2(μ-OH)2(OH)22+ → tetramer k22 = (0.83 ± 0.08) M-1 s-1. Each deprotonation of dimer affords rate enhancements of 25-160 fold which are in keeping with previous observations for the dimerization of Cr3+ and result primarily from labilization of the primary coordination sphere of CrIII on deprotonation of the aquo ligands. The marginally faster overall rate of dimerization of dimer compared with Cr3+ is attributed to the greater acidity of dimer and does not result from a greater reactivity of its deprotonated forms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2389-2397
Number of pages9
Issue number20-21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

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