The objective of this study was to characterize the early neurodevelopmental profile of Australian infants with deformational plagiocephaly (DP). Twenty-one infants with a confirmed diagnosis of DP (mean age, 7.9 months; SD, 2.0 months) were assessed on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, before treatment. As a group, infants with DP showed significantly weaker motor skills compared with the normative population. Patients with DP did not significantly differ from normative population estimates with respect to cognitive abilities. Males with DP displayed significantly reduced motor abilities compared to females. These findings do not suggest that DP causes developmental problems, but DP could be a marker for risk of developmental problems. Screening for developmental concerns in infants with DP is therefore important.
- Deformational plagiocephaly