Early adolescent drinking and cannabis use predicts later sleep-quality problems

Rowan P. Ogeil, Ali Cheetham, Anna Mooney, Nicholas B. Allen, Orli Schwartz, Michelle L. Byrne, Julian G. Simmons, Sarah Whittle, Dan I. Lubman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A range of biopsychosocial changes occur during adolescence that contribute to changes in the sleep-wake system. Use of alcohol and cannabis also increases during early adolescence; however, limited studies have examined the associations between changes in the use of alcohol and cannabis and later sleep problems. Participants (n -= 245) aged 12 years were recruited from schools and completed a baseline assessment, which included questions about their alcohol and cannabis use. Three subsequent follow-up assessments took place approximately 2.5 years (age 14 years), 4 years (age 16 years), and 6 years (age 18 years) after baseline, with sleep quality assessed at age 18 years. Earlier drug use was associated with poorer sleep quality at age 18 years, with different facets of alcohol and cannabis important in these associations. For alcohol, heavy episodic drinking across time was associated with poorer sleep; lifetime use at age 18 years (but not prior) was also associated with poorer sleep. For cannabis, recent use at age 18 years was associated with poor sleep quality. Our findings suggest that there are associations between specific facets of alcohol and cannabis use that are related to poor sleep in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-273
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Alcohol
  • Cannabis
  • Sleep quality

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