Dynamic stimulation of quantum coherence in systems of lattice bosons

Andrew Robertson, Victor M. Galitski, Gil Refael

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal fluctuations tend to destroy long-range phase correlations. Consequently, bosons in a lattice will undergo a transition from a phase-coherent superfluid as the temperature rises. Contrary to common intuition, however, we show that nonequilibrium driving can be used to reverse this thermal decoherence. This is possible because the energy distribution at equilibrium is rarely optimal for the manifestation of a given quantum property. We demonstrate this in the Bose-Hubbard model by calculating the nonequilibrium spatial correlation function with periodic driving. We show that the nonequilibrium phase boundary between coherent and incoherent states at finite bath temperatures can be made qualitatively identical to the familiar zero-temperature phase diagram, and we discuss the experimental manifestation of this phenomenon in cold atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165701
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume106
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

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