Dynamic stall in vertical axis wind turbines: comparing experiments and computations

Abel-John Lothar Lamond Buchner, Mark W Lohry, Luigi Martinelli, Julio Soria, Alexander J Smits

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114 Citations (Scopus)


Dynamic stall is often found in unsteady aerodynamic flows where the angle of attack can vary over a large range. It is of particular interest in the context of vertical axis wind turbines, where dynamic stall is the principal impediment to achieving improved aerodynamic efficiency. Here, we report computations using the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) equations with the Menter-SST turbulence model on a two-dimensional domain, over a range of tip speed ratios typical of the operation of vertical axis wind turbines. Comparisons are made against high resolution experimental data from particle image velocimetry (PIV), with special attention to the ability of the turbulence model to emulate the turbulence properties of the flow. It is shown that the computations approximate the experimental results well in most respects
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163 - 171
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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