Dynamic material performance of cold-formed steel hollow sections: A state-of-the-art review

Cameron B. Ritchie, Jeffrey A. Packer, Xiao-Ling Zhao, Amin Heidarpour, Yiyi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a literature review focused on the material performance of cold-formed, carbon steel, hollow structural sections under impulsive (highly dynamic) loading. Impulsive loading, represented by impact and blast, is characterized by a very rapid, time-dependent loading regime in the affected members and materials. Thus, the effect of high-strain-rate loading is initially reviewed. Next the material toughness, an important energy-absorption property and one measure of a material’s ability to arrest fracture, is considered by means of studying the Charpy V-notch behavior. The response of hollow sections under axial and lateral impact loading is then reviewed. Studies of blast on hollow sections, most of which fall under the categories of contact/near-field loading or far-field loading are presented. Under large-scale field blast experiments, cold-formed hollow sections have shown excellent behavior. Software for modeling blast loading and structural response, the latter including single degree of freedom analysis and explicit finite element analysis, is described and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-227
Number of pages19
JournalFrontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Analysis
  • Blast
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Composites
  • Experimentation
  • Hollow structural sections
  • Impact
  • Impulsive loading
  • Material properties

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