Duration of Inducible Ventricular Tachycardia Early After ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Its Impact on Mortality and Ventricular Tachycardia Recurrence

Tejas Deshmukh, Sarah Zaman, Arun Narayan, Pramesh Kovoor

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Abstract

Background The clinical significance of the duration of inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT) at electrophysiology study (EPS) in patients soon after ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and its predictive utility for VT recurrence are not known. Methods and Results Consecutive ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients with day 3 to 5 left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% underwent EPS. A positive EPS was defined as sustained monomorphic VT with cycle length ≥200 ms. The induced VT was terminated by overdrive pacing or direct current shock at 30 s or earlier if hemodynamic decompensation occurred. Patients with inducible VT duration 2 to 10 s were compared with patients with inducible VT >10 s. The primary end point was survival free of VT or cardiac mortality. From 384 consecutive ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients who underwent EPS, 29% had inducible VT (n=112, 87% men). After mean follow-up of 5.9±3.9 years, primary end point occurred in 35% of patients with induced VT 2 to 10 s duration (n=68) and in 22% of patients with induced VT >10 s (n=41) (P=0.61). This was significantly different from the noninducible VT group, in which primary end point occurred in 3% of patients (n=272) (P=0.001). Conclusions This study is the first to show that in patients who undergo EPS early after myocardial infarction, inducible VT of short duration (2-10 s) has similar predictive utility for ventricular tachyarrhythmia as longer duration (>10 s) inducible VT, which was significantly different to those without inducible VT. It is possible that immediate cardioversion of rapid VT might have contributed to some of the short durations of inducible VT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e015204
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume9
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • electrophysiology study
  • myocardial infarction
  • ventricular tachycardia

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