Durability of seawater and sea sand concrete and seawater and sea sand concrete–filled fibre-reinforced polymer/stainless steel tubular stub columns

Ying-Lei Li, Xiao-Ling Zhao, RK Singh Raman

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18 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents an experimental investigation on the durability behaviour of seawater sea sand concrete and seawater sea sand concrete–filled fibre-reinforced polymer/stainless steel tubular stub columns. Effects of NaCl of seawater on the strength of seawater sea sand concrete and on the deterioration of fibre-reinforced polymer were studied. Accelerated degradation tests were conducted on fibre-reinforced polymer rings exposed to a combined environment of 3.5% NaCl solution and seawater sea sand concrete. Obvious hoop strength reductions were observed in glass fibre-reinforced polymer and basalt fibre-reinforced polymer rings after 6-month exposure at 60°C. Seawater sea sand concrete–filled glass fibre-reinforced polymer tubular stub columns were exposed to an indoor environment (i.e. aged in air at room temperature) for a maximum duration of 2.5 years and no degradation was found by comparing the axial compressive test results from unexposed and exposed specimens. Seawater sea sand concrete–filled stainless steel tubes did not show any deterioration in strength after a 2.5-year exposure to an indoor environment or a 1.5-year immersion in NaCl solution. This study indicated that a hydrothermal environment (e.g. full immersion in solution) is much more aggressive to fibre-reinforced polymer than a dry environment. The reliability of using accelerated degradation test data to estimate the long-term performance of fibre-reinforced polymer–related structures in a real environment may need further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1074–1089
Number of pages16
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • compressive test
  • durability
  • fibre-reinforced polymer
  • hybrid sections
  • seawater and sea sand concrete

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