Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetically transmitted disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness and usually leads to death. DMD results from the absence, deficiency or dysfunction of the protein dystrophin. Analysis of protein data bases, including homology alignments and domain recognition patterns, have located highly significant correlations between dystrophin and other calcium regulating proteins. In particular, a major portion of the dystrophin sequence has been found to contain repeating units of approximately 100 amino acid residues. These repeating units were found to exhibit significant homology to troponin I. Troponin I has been found to bind to the calcium binding proteins calmodulin and troponin C. The regions of highest homology were characterized by patterns of high localization of charged amino acids and thus could represent a possible calmodulin or troponin C surface accessible binding site. Since subcellular localization studies have indicated that dystrophin is associated with the triadic junction, these findings imply that dystrophin could be involved in controlling intracellular calcium homeostasis.
- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
- sequence homology