Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of men aged ≥70 years in Sydney, Australia. DBI was assessed at baseline, 2, and 5 years. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) at each wave. Logistic quantile mixed-effects modelling was used to assess the adjusted effect of DBI on the median MMSE-time profile. Analyses were restricted to men with English-speaking backgrounds (n=1059, 862, and 611 at baseline, 2, and 5 years).
Results: Overall, 292 (27.7%), 258 (29.9%), and 189 (31.3%) men used anticholinergic or sedative medications at baseline, 2, and 5 years. There was a concave relationship between MMSE and time, where higher DBI corresponded to lower MMSE scores (coefficient: -0.161; 95% CI: -0.250 to -0.071) but not acceleration of declining MMSE over time.
Conclusions: Exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medications is associated with a small impairment in cognitive performance but not decline in cognition over time.
- Hypnotics and sedatives
- cholinergic antagonists
- cognition disorders
- cohort studies