DRBP76, a double-stranded RNA-binding nuclear protein, is phosphorylated by the interferon-induced protein kinase, PKR

Rekha C. Patel, Deborah J. Vestal, Zan Xu, Smarajit Bandyopadhyay, Weidong Guo, Scott M. Erme, Bryan R.G. Williams, Ganes C. Sen

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The interferon-induced double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase PKR is the prototype of a class of double-stranded (dsRNA)-binding proteins (DRBPs) which share a dsRNA-binding motif conserved from Drosophila to humans. Here we report the purification of DRBP76, a new human member of this class of proteins. Sequence from the amino terminus of DRBP76 matched that of the M phase-specific protein, MPP4. DRBP76 was also cloned by the yeast two- hybrid screening of a cDNA library using a mutant PKR as bait. Analysis of the cDNA sequence revealed that it is the full-length version of MPP4, has a bipartite nuclear localization signal, two motifs that can mediate interactions with both dsRNA and PKR, five epitopes for potential M phase- specific phosphorylation, two potential sites for phosphorylation by cyclin- dependent kinases, a RG2 motif present in many RNA-binding proteins and predicts a protein of 76 kDa. DsRNA and PKR interactions of DRBP76 were confirmed by analysis of in vitro translated and purified native proteins. Cellular expression of an epitope-tagged DRBP76 demonstrated its nuclear localization, and its co-immunoprecipitation with PKR demonstrated that the two proteins interact in vivo. Finally, purified DRBP76 was shown to be a substrate of PKR in vitro, indicating that this protein's cellular activities may be regulated by PKR-mediated phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20432-20437
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 1999
Externally publishedYes

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