DPM simulation in an underground entry: Comparison between particle and species models

Magesh Thiruvengadam, Yi Zheng, Jerry C. Tien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


The diesel particulate matter (DPM) emission from diesel powered equipment in underground mines can cause health hazards including cancer to the miners. The understanding of the DPM propagation pattern under realistic mining condition is required for selecting proper DPM control strategies and to improve working practices in underground mines. In this paper, three dimensional simulations of DPM emission from the exhaust tail pipe of a load-haul-dump (LHD) vehicle and its subsequent distribution inside an isolated zone in the typical underground mine are carried out using two different solution models available in Ansys Fluent. The incoming fresh air into the isolated zone is treated as a continuous phase and DPM is treated either as a continuous phase (gas) or as a secondary discrete phase (particle). Species transport model is used when DPM is treated as gas and discrete phase model is used when DPM is assumed to behave like a particle. The distributions of DPM concentration inside the isolated zone obtained from each method are presented and compared. From the comparison results, an accurate and economical solution technique for DPM evaluation can be selected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-494
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Mining Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • CFD
  • Dead-end
  • Discrete phase model
  • DPM
  • Species transport model

Cite this