Dose-volume response in acute dysphagia toxicity: Validating QUANTEC recommendations into clinical practice for head and neck radiotherapy

Nigel J Anderson, Morikatsu Wada, Michal E Schneider, Maureen Rolfo, Daryl Lim Joon, Vincent S Khoo

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Purpose. To determine the validity of QUANTEC recommendations in predicting acute dysphagia using intensity-modulated head and neck radiotherapy. Material and methods. Seventy-six consecutive patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck +/- systemic therapy were analyzed. Multiple dose parameters for the larynx (V50Gy, Dmean and Dmax) were recorded. Acute dysphagia toxicity was prospectively scored in all treatment weeks (week 1-6 or 1-7) using CTCAEv3 by three blinded investigators. QUANTEC larynx recommendations (V50Gy <27 , Dmean <44 Gy, Dmean <40 Gy, Dmax <66 Gy) were used to group the cohort (i.e. V50Gy <27 vs. V50Gy > 27 ). The proportion of patients with Grade 3 dysphagia was compared within each group. Results. There was a significant reduction in the incidence of grade 3 toxicity in the V50Gy <or > 27 group at week 5 (14.3 vs. 45.2 , p = 0.01) and 6 (25.9 vs. 65.9 , p <0.01). A significant reduction at week 5 (14.7 vs. 50.0, p = 0.02) and 6 (32.4 vs. 67.6 , p = 0.01) was seen in Dmean <44 Gy when compared to Dmean > 44 Gy. Dmean <40 Gy also delivered a significant reduction at week 5 (5.6 vs. 42.3 , p <0.01) and week 6 (23.5 vs. 59.3 , p = 0.01). A significant toxicity reduction at treatment week 6 (28.0 vs. 63.0 , p = 0 <01) was seen from Dmax <66 Gy to Dmax > 66 Gy. V50Gy > 27 (p <0.01), Dmean > 40 Gy (p = 0.01) and Dmax > 66 Gy (p <0.01) were also predictors of Grade 3 dysphagia when analyzed with multiple clinical risk factors. Conclusions. QUANTEC late toxicity recommendations for dose to larynx during IMRT are a useful predictor for acute dysphagia toxicity in this patient cohort. Furthermore, this included chemoradiotherapy regimes and post-operative radiotherapy patients, allowing for prophylactic implementation of supportive care measures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1305 - 1311
Number of pages7
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume53
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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