Does the 'Project Manager' still exist in agile software development projects?

Yogeshwar Shastri, Rashina Hoda, Robert Amor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The project manager has been a ubiquitous feature of traditional software development projects. However, agile software development (ASD) methods which emphasize selforganizing teams and rapid response to change have done away with the project manager's title. New job titles such as the scrum master and product owner have been introduced instead. It is unclear as to what extent the 'project manager' is still encountered in the agile software industry. An online survey was posted out to agile special interest groups on popular social media platforms to discover the frequency of the job title 'project manager' in agile projects. Analysis of the 97 responses from 31 countries around the world revealed that: a) the title of project manager is still widely used (67%); b) there is a correlation between the team size and presence of project manager such that there is a higher probability the project manager will be present in teams of 5-10 members and those over 25 members; and c) there is an inverse correlation between the co-location of a team and presence of project manager. Further research is needed to better understand why the project manager continues to be present on ASD projects and how their role may have changed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7890571 - 23rd Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, APSEC 2016
EditorsAlex Potanin, Gail C. Murphy, Steve Reeves, Jens Dietrich
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781509055753
ISBN (Print)9781509055760
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventAsia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference 2016 - Hamilton, New Zealand
Duration: 6 Dec 20169 Dec 2016
Conference number: 23rd


ConferenceAsia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference 2016
Abbreviated titleAPSEC 2016
CountryNew Zealand
Internet address


  • Agile project management
  • Agile software development
  • Project manager
  • Software project management

Cite this

Shastri, Y., Hoda, R., & Amor, R. (2016). Does the 'Project Manager' still exist in agile software development projects? In A. Potanin, G. C. Murphy, S. Reeves, & J. Dietrich (Eds.), 7890571 - 23rd Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, APSEC 2016 (pp. 57-64). IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.