Does the implicit models of leadership influence the scanning of other-race faces in adults?

Iain L. Densten, Luc Borrowman

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    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The current study aims to identify the relationships between implicit leadership theoretical (ILT) prototypes / anti-prototype and five facial features (i.e., nasion, upper nose, lower nose, and upper lip) of a leader from a different race than respondents. A sample of 81 Asian respondents viewed a 30-second video of a Caucasian female who in a non-engaging manner talked about her career achievements. As participants watch the video, their eye movements were recorded via an eye tracking devise. While previous research has identified that ILT influences perceptional and attitudinal ratings of leaders, the current study extends these findings by confirming the impact of ILT on the gaze patterns of other race participants, who appear to adopt system one type thinking. This study advances our understanding in how cognitive categories or schemas influence the physicality of individuals (i.e., eye gaze or movements). Finally, this study confirms that individual ILT factors have a relationship with the eye movements of participants and suggests future research directions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0179058
    Number of pages15
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume12
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

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