Does nutrition education in primary schools make a difference to childrens fruit and vegetable consumption?

Joan Kathleen Ransley, Elizabeth Faye Taylor, Yara Radwan, Meaghan Sarah Kitchen, Darren Charles Greenwood, Janet Elizabeth Cade

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To explore whether initiatives to promote fruit and vegetables in primary schools are associated with changes in childrens diet.Design Cross-sectional dietary survey. Main outcome measures were intakes of fruit, vegetables and key nutrients; and a score for initiatives promoting fruit and vegetables in school.Setting One hundred and twenty-nine English primary schools.Subjects Year 2 children (aged 6-7 years, n 2530).Results In schools running a gardening club, children ate more vegetables, 120 (95 % CI 111, 129) g/d, compared with those that did not, 993 (95 % CI 899, 109) g/d; and where parents were actively involved in school initiatives to promote fruit and vegetables, childrens intake of vegetables was higher, 117 (95 % CI 107, 128) g/d, compared with those where parents were not involved, 105 (95 % CI 962, 114) g/d. In schools that achieved a high total score (derived from five key types of initiatives to promote fruit and vegetables in school) children ate more vegetables, 123 (95 % CI 114, 132) g/d, compared with those that did not, 977 (95 % CI 887, 107) g/d.Conclusions Gardening, parental involvement and other activities promoting fruit and vegetables to children in school may be associated with increased intake of vegetables but not fruit. These effects were independent of deprivation status and ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1898-1904
Number of pages7
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Children
  • Diet
  • Fruit
  • School
  • Vegetables

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