Does active referral by a doctor or 12-Step peer improve 12-Step meeting attendance? Results from a pilot randomised control trial

Victoria Manning, David Best, Nathan Faulkner, Emily Titherington, Alun Morinan, Francis Keaney, Michael Gossop, John Strang

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Background: Active engagement in 12-Step self-help groups (SHG) is associated with improvements in substance use outcomes during and after treatment, yet levels of participation in SHG meetings in the UK remain low. Method: An RCT investigating the impact of active referral to SHG, delivered by doctors or 12-Step peers during inpatient treatment on both inpatient and post-treatment meeting attendance was conducted. 151 inpatients with alcohol, opiate, crack-cocaine or benzodiazepine dependence undergoing detoxification, received one of two active referral interventions: 12-Step peer intervention (PI), doctor intervention (DI), or no intervention (NI). 83% of the sample was followed up, 2-3 months following discharge. Results: Active referral interventions significantly increased attendance at 12-Step meetings during inpatient treatment (88% versus 73%, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012


  • 12-Step meetings
  • Alcohol/drug dependence
  • Doctors
  • Peers
  • RCT
  • Self-help groups

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