Do robots have race? Race, social construction, and HRI

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5 Citations (Scopus)


In a paper presented at the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction (HRI 2018), Bartneck and colleagues (myself included) argued that people attribute race to humanoid robots [1]. The experiments we conducted suggested that people are willing to identify robots as being of different races when asked and that, at least when confronted with the shooter bias test [2], people also behave in ways that suggest they attribute race to robots. This article joins a small number of other articles in providing evidence that people attribute racial and/or ethnic identities to robots [3], [4]. While the methods we used in our research have come in for some criticism [5], the article has at least highlighted this question as a topic for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

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