Do pre-service teachers feel ready to teach in inclusive classrooms? A four country study of teaching self-efficacy

Timothy John Loreman, Umesh Sharma, Chris Forlin

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83 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports the results of an international study examining pre-service teacher reports of teaching self-efficacy for inclusive education; principally focusing on the explanatory relationship between a scale designed to measure teaching self-efficacy in this area and key demographic variables within Canada, Australia, Hong Kong, and Indonesia. The study builds on earlier work by this research team on attitudes towards inclusion and offers a more comprehensive picture of pre-service teachers? preparedness to teach in inclusive classrooms. Data were collected from 380 pre-service teachers in four countries. Results indicated that strong international differences existed. Other factors impacting responses regarding teaching self-efficacy for inclusion include the type of teacher preparation program offered by the institution; variations in the level of knowledge about inclusion law and policy; previous interactions with people with disabilities; confidence levels in teaching people with disabilities; and, prior teaching experience and training in working with students with disabilities. Implications for ongoing development of international teacher preparation programs are discussed within the context of improving self-efficacy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27 - 44
Number of pages18
JournalAustralian Journal of Teacher Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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