Do external stimuli impact the gait of children with idiopathic toe walking? A study protocol for a within-subject randomised control trial

Cylie Williams, Joanne Michalitsis, Anna T Murphy, Barry Rawicki, Terrence Peter Haines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

12 Citations (Scopus)


Frequently, toe walking gait is the result of disease processes, trauma or neurogenic influences. Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) is, by definition, the diagnosis of a toe walking gait adopted in the absence of one of these medical conditions. Long-term ITW has been associated with reduced ankle range of motion. Reported treatments have included serial casting, Botulinum toxin type A or surgery to improve the ankle range of motion. Investigating the impact of simple and non-invasive treatment options for ITW is important for future research and clinical outcomes. This study investigates the immediate impact of footwear, footwear with orthotics and whole body vibration on ITW to determine if any one intervention improves heel contact and spatial-temporal gait measures. This determination is important for future clinical trials into treatment effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002389
Pages (from-to)1 - 5
Number of pages5
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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