Do Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein Inhibitors Have a Role in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease?

Stephen J. Nicholls, Adam J. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) plays an important role in lipid metabolism and has presented an attractive target for drug development, primarily resting on the hope that CETP inhibition would reduce cardiovascular events through its ability to increase levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). However, clinical development of CETP inhibitors has proven disappointing, with a spectrum of results spanning from evidence of harm, to futility, to only modest benefit in large-scale cardiovascular outcomes trials. A number of additional insights from genomic studies have suggested potential benefits from these agents in specific clinical settings. We review the current state of CETP inhibitors as an approach to targeting cardiovascular risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-235
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

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