Diverse Roles of TRPV4 in Macrophages: A Need for Unbiased Profiling

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Abstract

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a non-selective mechanosensitive ion channel expressed by various macrophage populations. Recent reports have characterized the role of TRPV4 in shaping the activity and phenotype of macrophages to influence the innate immune response to pathogen exposure and inflammation. TRPV4 has been studied extensively in the context of inflammation and inflammatory pain. Although TRPV4 activity has been generally described as pro-inflammatory, emerging evidence suggests a more complex role where this channel may also contribute to anti-inflammatory activities. However, detailed understanding of how TRPV4 may influence the initiation, maintenance, and resolution of inflammatory disease remains limited. This review highlights recent insights into the cellular processes through which TRPV4 contributes to pathological conditions and immune processes, with a focus on macrophage biology. The potential use of high-throughput and omics methods as an unbiased approach for studying the functional outcomes of TRPV4 activation is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number828115
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • inflammation
  • macrophage
  • mechanosensation
  • transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4)
  • TRP channels

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