A total of 14 I-A(d)-restricted helper T-cell clones specific for the hemagglutinin (HA) molecule of influenza virus were isolated from spleens of BALB/c or (BALB/c x C57BL/10)F 1 mice immunized with the H3 subtype influenza virus A/Memphis/71 (Mem 71) and from lymph nodes of BALB/c mice primed with purified HA. The specificity of these T-cell clones was assessed in proliferation assays by reactivity with naturally occurring strains of viruses that arose by antigenic drift and contain known amino acid sequence changes in HA and with a panel of monoclonal antibody (MAb)-selected mutants of Mem 71 with single amino acid substitutions in HA. The HA genes of those mutant viruses that failed to stimulate one or more of the T-cell clones were sequenced. The clones could be allocated to at least four groups, each group having a distinct pattern of reactivity with the panel of natural field strains. The epitopes recognized by the four groups of clones were found, by reactivity with MAb-selected mutants, to be in very close proximity to one another and probably overlapping. All of the distinct epitopes recognized by the T-cell clones were adversely affected by a single amino acid substitution, either at residue 60 or at residue 63 in the HA 1 polypeptide chain, within the region known from antibody-binding studies as site E. Some, but not all, of the epitopes may be influenced by the addition of a carbohydrate side chain to the HA of a particular MAb-selected mutant and certain field strains containing an Asp → Asn substitution at residue 63. Site E is therefore a major site of H-2(d) helper T-cell recognition on the H3 HA.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1988|