Dispersion, migration, and 'network-like' structure formation of multiwall carbon nanotubes in co-continuous, binary immiscible blends of polyamide 6 and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer during simultaneous melt-mixing

Amrita V. Poyekar, Arup R. Bhattacharyya, Rupesh A Khare, Ajay S. Panwar, George P. Simon, Subhabrata Dhar, J.K. Mishra

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Abstract

Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were melt-mixed in polyamide 6 (PA6) and acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) copolymer blends using a simultaneous mixing protocol in order to investigate the state of dispersion of MWNTs in PA6/ABS blends. The blend composition was varied from 40/60 (wt/wt) to 60/40 (wt/wt) in PA6/ABS blends, which showed ‘co-continuous’ morphology in the presence of MWNTs. State of dispersion of MWNTs in these blends was assessed through bulk electrical conductivity measurements, morphological analysis, solution experiments, and UV-vis spectroscopic analysis. MWNTs were subsequently modified with a novel organic modifier, sodium salt of 6-aminohexanoic acid (Na-AHA), to improve the state of dispersion of MWNTs. Blends with unmodified MWNTs exhibited the DC electrical conductivity in the range 10211 to 1025 S/cm, whereas blends with Na-AHA-modified MWNTs exhibited DC electrical conductivity in the range 1027 to 1025 S/cm. The reduction in MWNTs ‘agglomerate’ size (73.7 lm for 40/ 60 blend with unmodified MWNTs to 59.9 lm in the corresponding blend with Na-AHA-modified MWNTs) was observed through morphological analysis. The rheological studies showed increased complex viscosity and storage moduli in lower frequency region in case of blends with Na-AHA-modified MWNTs confirming a refined ‘networklike’ structure of MWNTs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443 - 456
Number of pages14
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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