Disks around T Tauri Stars with SPHERE (DARTTS-S). I. SPHERE/IRDIS Polarimetric Imaging of Eight Prominent T Tauri Disks

Henning Avenhaus, Sascha P. Quanz, Antonio Garufi, Sebastian Perez, Simon Casassus, Christophe Pinte, Gesa H.M. Bertrang, Claudio Caceres, Myriam Benisty, Carsten Dominik

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Abstract

We present the first part of our Disks ARound T Tauri Stars with SPHERE (DARTTS-S) survey: observations of eight T Tauri stars that were selected based on their strong (sub)millimeter excesses using SPHERE/IRDIS polarimetric differential imaging in the J and H bands. All observations successfully detect the disks, which appear vastly different in size, from ≈80 au in scattered light to >400 au, and display total polarized disk fluxes between 0.06% and 0.89% of the stellar flux. For five of these disks, we are able to determine the three-dimensional structure and the flaring of the disk surface, which appears to be relatively consistent across the different disks, with flaring exponents α between ≈1.1 and ≈1.6. We also confirm literature results with regard to the inclination and position angle of several of our disks and are able to determine which side is the near side of the disk in most cases. While there is a clear trend of disk mass with stellar ages (≈1 to >10 Myr), no correlations of disk structures with age were found. There are also no correlations with either stellar mass or submillimeter flux. We do not detect significant differences between the J and H bands. However, we note that while a high fraction (7/8) of the disks in our sample show ring-shaped substructures, none of them display spirals, in contrast to the disks around more massive Herbig Ae/Be stars, where spiral features are common.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
Number of pages23
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume863
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • disk interactions
  • planet
  • protoplanetary disks
  • stars: formation
  • stars: pre-main sequence

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