Discovery, Development, and Cellular Delivery of Potent and Selective Bicyclic Peptide Inhibitors of Grb7 Cancer Target

Gabrielle M. Watson, Ketav Kulkarni, Jianrong Sang, Xiuquan Ma, Menachem J. Gunzburg, Patrick Perlmutter, Matthew C.J. Wilce, Jacqueline A. Wilce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Grb7 is a signaling protein with critical roles in tumor cell proliferation and migration and an established cancer therapeutic target. Here we explore chemical space to develop a new bicyclic peptide inhibitor, incorporating thioether and lactam linkers that binds with affinity (KD = 1.1 μM) and specificity to the Grb7-SH2 domain. Structural analysis of the Grb7-SH2/peptide complex revealed an unexpected binding orientation underlying the binding selectivity by this new scaffold. We further incorporated carboxymethylphenylalanine and carboxyphenylalanine phosphotyrosine mimetics and arrived at an optimized inhibitor that potently binds Grb7-SH2 (KD = 0.13 μM) under physiological conditions. X-ray crystal structures of these Grb7-SH2/peptide complexes reveal the structural basis for the most potent and specific inhibitors of Grb7 developed to date. Finally, we demonstrate that cell permeable versions of these peptides successfully block Grb7 mediated interactions in a breast cancer cell line, establishing the potential of these peptides in the development of novel therapeutics targeted to Grb7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9349-9359
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume60
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2017

Cite this

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title = "Discovery, Development, and Cellular Delivery of Potent and Selective Bicyclic Peptide Inhibitors of Grb7 Cancer Target",
abstract = "Grb7 is a signaling protein with critical roles in tumor cell proliferation and migration and an established cancer therapeutic target. Here we explore chemical space to develop a new bicyclic peptide inhibitor, incorporating thioether and lactam linkers that binds with affinity (KD = 1.1 μM) and specificity to the Grb7-SH2 domain. Structural analysis of the Grb7-SH2/peptide complex revealed an unexpected binding orientation underlying the binding selectivity by this new scaffold. We further incorporated carboxymethylphenylalanine and carboxyphenylalanine phosphotyrosine mimetics and arrived at an optimized inhibitor that potently binds Grb7-SH2 (KD = 0.13 μM) under physiological conditions. X-ray crystal structures of these Grb7-SH2/peptide complexes reveal the structural basis for the most potent and specific inhibitors of Grb7 developed to date. Finally, we demonstrate that cell permeable versions of these peptides successfully block Grb7 mediated interactions in a breast cancer cell line, establishing the potential of these peptides in the development of novel therapeutics targeted to Grb7.",
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Discovery, Development, and Cellular Delivery of Potent and Selective Bicyclic Peptide Inhibitors of Grb7 Cancer Target. / Watson, Gabrielle M.; Kulkarni, Ketav; Sang, Jianrong; Ma, Xiuquan; Gunzburg, Menachem J.; Perlmutter, Patrick; Wilce, Matthew C.J.; Wilce, Jacqueline A.

In: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 60, No. 22, 22.11.2017, p. 9349-9359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Sang, Jianrong

AU - Ma, Xiuquan

AU - Gunzburg, Menachem J.

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AB - Grb7 is a signaling protein with critical roles in tumor cell proliferation and migration and an established cancer therapeutic target. Here we explore chemical space to develop a new bicyclic peptide inhibitor, incorporating thioether and lactam linkers that binds with affinity (KD = 1.1 μM) and specificity to the Grb7-SH2 domain. Structural analysis of the Grb7-SH2/peptide complex revealed an unexpected binding orientation underlying the binding selectivity by this new scaffold. We further incorporated carboxymethylphenylalanine and carboxyphenylalanine phosphotyrosine mimetics and arrived at an optimized inhibitor that potently binds Grb7-SH2 (KD = 0.13 μM) under physiological conditions. X-ray crystal structures of these Grb7-SH2/peptide complexes reveal the structural basis for the most potent and specific inhibitors of Grb7 developed to date. Finally, we demonstrate that cell permeable versions of these peptides successfully block Grb7 mediated interactions in a breast cancer cell line, establishing the potential of these peptides in the development of novel therapeutics targeted to Grb7.

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