Projects per year
Bosonic condensates of exciton polaritons (light-matter quasiparticles in a semiconductor) provide a solid-state platform for studies of nonequilibrium quantum systems with a spontaneous macroscopic coherence. These driven, dissipative condensates typically coexist and interact with an incoherent reservoir, which undermines measurements of key parameters of the condensate. Here, we overcome this limitation by creating a high-density exciton-polariton condensate in an optically induced box trap. In this so-called Thomas-Fermi regime, the condensate is fully separated from the reservoir and its behavior is dominated by interparticle interactions. We use this regime to directly measure the polariton-polariton interaction strength, and reduce the existing uncertainty in its value from four orders of magnitude to within three times the theoretical prediction. The Thomas-Fermi regime has previously been demonstrated only in ultracold atomic gases in thermal equilibrium. In a nonequilibrium exciton-polariton system, this regime offers a novel opportunity to study interaction-driven effects unmasked by an incoherent reservoir.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Physical Review B|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jul 2019|
- 1 Active
ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low-energy Electronics Technologies
Fuhrer, M., Bao, Q., Culcer, D., Davis, M., Davis, J. A., Hamilton, A., Helmerson, K., Klochan, O., Medhekar, N., Ostrovskaya, E., Parish, M., Schiffrin, A., Seidel, J., Sushkov, O., Valanoor, N., Vale, C., Wang, X., Wang, L., Galitskiy, V., Gurarie, V., Hannon, J., Höfling, S., Hone, J., Rule, K. C., Krausz, F., Littlewood, P., MacDonald, A., Neto, A., Oezyilmaz, B., Paglione, J., Phillips, W., Spielman, I., Tadich, A., Xue, Q., Cole, J., Perali, A., Neilson, D., Sek, G., Gaston, N., Hodgkiss, J. M., Tang, M., Karel, J., Nguyen, T., Adam, S., Granville, S. & Kumar, P.
Australian Research Council (ARC), Monash University – Internal School Contribution, Monash University – Internal Department Contribution, Monash University – Internal Faculty Contribution, Monash University – Internal University Contribution, University of Wollongong, University of Queensland , Tsinghua University, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australian National University (ANU), RMIT University, Swinburne University of Technology
29/06/17 → 28/06/24