Direct Comparison of Standard Transmission Electron Microscopy and Cryogenic-TEM in Imaging Nanocrystals Inside Liposomes

Tang Li, Cameron J. Nowell, David Cipolla, Thomas Rades, Ben J. Boyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The use of electron microscopy techniques in the understanding of shape and size of nanoparticles are commonly applied to drug nanotechnology, but the type of microscopy and suitability for the particles of interest can have a significant impact on the result. The size and shape of the nanoparticles are crucial in clinical applications; however, direct comparison of the results from standard transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and cryo-TEM have rarely been reported. As a useful case for comparison, liposomal drug nanocrystals are studied here. In this study, the effect of thawing temperature on the size and shape of the ciprofloxacin nanocrystals was determined. A quantitative standard TEM assay was developed to allow for high-throughput particle size analysis. These results were compared to size and shape information obtained using the cryo-TEM method. The results showed broad agreement between the two TEM methods and that ciprofloxacin nanocrystals formed shorter and thinner crystals inside the liposomes at higher thawing temperatures. The results provide confidence in the use of standard TEM to determine the size and shape distribution of solid nanoparticles (in this case, encapsulated inside liposomes) from aqueous media without fear of sample preparation altering the conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1775-1781
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • cryo-TEM
  • DLS
  • liposomes
  • nanocrystals
  • nanoparticle size analysis
  • TEM

Cite this

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title = "Direct Comparison of Standard Transmission Electron Microscopy and Cryogenic-TEM in Imaging Nanocrystals Inside Liposomes",
abstract = "The use of electron microscopy techniques in the understanding of shape and size of nanoparticles are commonly applied to drug nanotechnology, but the type of microscopy and suitability for the particles of interest can have a significant impact on the result. The size and shape of the nanoparticles are crucial in clinical applications; however, direct comparison of the results from standard transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and cryo-TEM have rarely been reported. As a useful case for comparison, liposomal drug nanocrystals are studied here. In this study, the effect of thawing temperature on the size and shape of the ciprofloxacin nanocrystals was determined. A quantitative standard TEM assay was developed to allow for high-throughput particle size analysis. These results were compared to size and shape information obtained using the cryo-TEM method. The results showed broad agreement between the two TEM methods and that ciprofloxacin nanocrystals formed shorter and thinner crystals inside the liposomes at higher thawing temperatures. The results provide confidence in the use of standard TEM to determine the size and shape distribution of solid nanoparticles (in this case, encapsulated inside liposomes) from aqueous media without fear of sample preparation altering the conclusions.",
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Direct Comparison of Standard Transmission Electron Microscopy and Cryogenic-TEM in Imaging Nanocrystals Inside Liposomes. / Li, Tang; Nowell, Cameron J.; Cipolla, David; Rades, Thomas; Boyd, Ben J.

In: Molecular Pharmaceutics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 1775-1781.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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