Diminished sub-maximal quadriceps force control in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients is related to quadriceps and hamstring muscle dyskinesia

Stacey Telianidis, Luke Perraton, Ross A. Clark, Yong Hao Pua, Karine Fortin, Adam L. Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to determine the effects of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) on sub-maximal quadriceps force control with respect to quadriceps and hamstring muscle activity. Thirty ACLR individuals together with 30 healthy individuals participated. With real-time visual feedback of muscle force output and electromyographic electrodes attached to the quadriceps and hamstring muscles, subjects performed an isometric knee extension task where they increased and decreased their muscle force output at 0.128. Hz within a range of 5-30% maximum voluntary capacity. The ACLR group completed the task with more error and increased medial hamstring and vastus medialis activation (. p<. 0.05). Moderate negative correlations (. p<. 0.05) were observed between quadriceps force control and medial (Spearman's rho. =. -0.448, p=. 0.022) and lateral (Spearman's rho. =. -0.401, p=. 0.034) hamstring activation in the ACLR group. Diminished quadriceps sub-maximal force control in ACLR subjects was reflective of medial quadriceps and hamstring dyskinesia (i.e., altered muscle activity patterns and coordination deficits). Within the ACLR group however, augmented hamstring co-activation was associated with better quadriceps force control. Future studies should explore the convergent validity of quadriceps force control in ACLR patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • ACL reconstruction
  • Force control
  • Hamstrings
  • Muscle activation
  • Quadriceps

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