Dimensions and intensity of inter-professional teamwork in primary care

evidence from five international jurisdictions

Jean-Frederic Levesque, Mark F Harris, Cathie Scott, Benjamin Crabtree, William Miller, Lisa M Halma, William E Hogg, Jan-Willem Weenink, Jenny R Advocat, Jane Gunn, Grant Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Inter-professional teamwork in primary care settings offers potential benefits for responding to the increasing complexity of patients’ needs. While it is a central element in many reforms to primary care delivery, implementing inter-professional teamwork has proven to be more challenging than anticipated.

Objective
The objective of this study was to better understand the dimensions and intensity of teamwork and the developmental process involved in creating fully integrated teams.

Methods
Secondary analyses of qualitative and quantitative data from completed studies conducted in Australia, Canada and USA. Case studies and matrices were used, along with face-to-face group retreats, using a Collaborative Reflexive Deliberative Approach.

Results
Four dimensions of teamwork were identified. The structural dimension relates to human resources and mechanisms implemented to create the foundations for teamwork. The operational dimension relates to the activities and programs conducted as part of the team’s production of services. The relational dimension relates to the relationships and interactions occurring in the team. Finally, the functional dimension relates to definitions of roles and responsibilities aimed at coordinating the team’s activities as well as to the shared vision, objectives and developmental activities aimed at ensuring the long-term cohesion of the team. There was a high degree of variation in the way the dimensions were addressed by reforms across the national contexts.

Conclusion
The framework enables a clearer understanding of the incremental and iterative aspects that relate to higher achievement of teamwork. Future reforms of primary care need to address higher-level dimensions of teamwork to achieve its expected outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbercmx103
Pages (from-to)285-294
Number of pages10
JournalFamily Practice
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Cite this

Levesque, Jean-Frederic ; Harris, Mark F ; Scott, Cathie ; Crabtree, Benjamin ; Miller, William ; Halma, Lisa M ; Hogg, William E ; Weenink, Jan-Willem ; Advocat, Jenny R ; Gunn, Jane ; Russell, Grant. / Dimensions and intensity of inter-professional teamwork in primary care : evidence from five international jurisdictions. In: Family Practice. 2018 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 285-294.
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abstract = "BackgroundInter-professional teamwork in primary care settings offers potential benefits for responding to the increasing complexity of patients’ needs. While it is a central element in many reforms to primary care delivery, implementing inter-professional teamwork has proven to be more challenging than anticipated.ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to better understand the dimensions and intensity of teamwork and the developmental process involved in creating fully integrated teams.MethodsSecondary analyses of qualitative and quantitative data from completed studies conducted in Australia, Canada and USA. Case studies and matrices were used, along with face-to-face group retreats, using a Collaborative Reflexive Deliberative Approach.ResultsFour dimensions of teamwork were identified. The structural dimension relates to human resources and mechanisms implemented to create the foundations for teamwork. The operational dimension relates to the activities and programs conducted as part of the team’s production of services. The relational dimension relates to the relationships and interactions occurring in the team. Finally, the functional dimension relates to definitions of roles and responsibilities aimed at coordinating the team’s activities as well as to the shared vision, objectives and developmental activities aimed at ensuring the long-term cohesion of the team. There was a high degree of variation in the way the dimensions were addressed by reforms across the national contexts.ConclusionThe framework enables a clearer understanding of the incremental and iterative aspects that relate to higher achievement of teamwork. Future reforms of primary care need to address higher-level dimensions of teamwork to achieve its expected outcomes.",
author = "Jean-Frederic Levesque and Harris, {Mark F} and Cathie Scott and Benjamin Crabtree and William Miller and Halma, {Lisa M} and Hogg, {William E} and Jan-Willem Weenink and Advocat, {Jenny R} and Jane Gunn and Grant Russell",
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Levesque, J-F, Harris, MF, Scott, C, Crabtree, B, Miller, W, Halma, LM, Hogg, WE, Weenink, J-W, Advocat, JR, Gunn, J & Russell, G 2018, 'Dimensions and intensity of inter-professional teamwork in primary care: evidence from five international jurisdictions', Family Practice, vol. 35, no. 3, cmx103, pp. 285-294. https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmx103

Dimensions and intensity of inter-professional teamwork in primary care : evidence from five international jurisdictions. / Levesque, Jean-Frederic; Harris, Mark F; Scott, Cathie; Crabtree, Benjamin; Miller, William; Halma, Lisa M; Hogg, William E; Weenink, Jan-Willem; Advocat, Jenny R; Gunn, Jane; Russell, Grant.

In: Family Practice, Vol. 35, No. 3, cmx103, 06.2018, p. 285-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Dimensions and intensity of inter-professional teamwork in primary care

T2 - evidence from five international jurisdictions

AU - Levesque, Jean-Frederic

AU - Harris, Mark F

AU - Scott, Cathie

AU - Crabtree, Benjamin

AU - Miller, William

AU - Halma, Lisa M

AU - Hogg, William E

AU - Weenink, Jan-Willem

AU - Advocat, Jenny R

AU - Gunn, Jane

AU - Russell, Grant

PY - 2018/6

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N2 - BackgroundInter-professional teamwork in primary care settings offers potential benefits for responding to the increasing complexity of patients’ needs. While it is a central element in many reforms to primary care delivery, implementing inter-professional teamwork has proven to be more challenging than anticipated.ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to better understand the dimensions and intensity of teamwork and the developmental process involved in creating fully integrated teams.MethodsSecondary analyses of qualitative and quantitative data from completed studies conducted in Australia, Canada and USA. Case studies and matrices were used, along with face-to-face group retreats, using a Collaborative Reflexive Deliberative Approach.ResultsFour dimensions of teamwork were identified. The structural dimension relates to human resources and mechanisms implemented to create the foundations for teamwork. The operational dimension relates to the activities and programs conducted as part of the team’s production of services. The relational dimension relates to the relationships and interactions occurring in the team. Finally, the functional dimension relates to definitions of roles and responsibilities aimed at coordinating the team’s activities as well as to the shared vision, objectives and developmental activities aimed at ensuring the long-term cohesion of the team. There was a high degree of variation in the way the dimensions were addressed by reforms across the national contexts.ConclusionThe framework enables a clearer understanding of the incremental and iterative aspects that relate to higher achievement of teamwork. Future reforms of primary care need to address higher-level dimensions of teamwork to achieve its expected outcomes.

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