Diffusion NMR study of generation-five PAMAM dendrimer materials

Mallory A. Van Dongen, Bradford G. Orr, Mark M. Banaszak Holl

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Commercial generation-five poly(amidoamine) dendrimer material (G5c) was fractionated into its major structural components. Monomeric G5 (G5m; 21-30 kDa) was isolated to compare its functional properties to the G5c material. Diffusion-ordered nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was employed to measure the self-diffusion coefficients and corresponding hydrodynamic radii of G5m and other G5c components as a function of dendrimer size (i.e., molecular weight) and tertiary structure (i.e., generational or oligomeric nature). It was found that the hydrodynamic radius (RH) scales with approximate numbers of atoms in the trailing generations, G5m, and oligomeric material at a rate of RH ∝ N0.35, in good agreement with previous reports of RH scaling for PAMAM dendrimer with generation. G5c materials can be thought of as a heterogeneous mixture of dendrimers ranging in size from trailing generation two to tetramers of G5, approximately the same in size as a G7 dendrimer, with G5m comprising ∼65% of the material. The radius of hydration for G5m was measured to be 3.1 ± 0.1 nm at pH 7.4. The 10% swelling in response to a drop in pH observed for the G5c material was not observed for isolated G5m; however, the isolated G5-G5 dimers had an increase of 44% in RH, indicating that the G5c pH response results from the increase in RH of the oligomeric fraction upon protonation. Finally, the data allow for an experimental test of the "slip" and "stick" boundary models of the Stokes-Einstein equation for PAMAM dendrimer in water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7195-7202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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