Diffuse myocardial fibrosis evaluated by post-contrast T1 mapping correlates with left ventricular stiffness

Andris H. Ellims, James A. Shaw, Dion Stub, Leah M. Iles, James L. Hare, Glenn S. Slavin, David M. Kaye, Andrew J. Taylor

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Abstract

Objectives The purpose of this study was to use cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and invasive left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume (PV) measurements to explore the relationship between diffuse myocardial fibrosis and indexes of diastolic performance in a cohort of cardiac transplant recipients. Background The precise mechanism of LV diastolic dysfunction in the presence of myocardial fibrosis has not previously been established. Methods We performed CMR with T1 mapping and obtained invasive LV PV measurements via a conductance catheter in 20 cardiac transplant recipients at the time of clinically-indicated coronary angiography. Results Both post-contrast myocardial T1 time and extracellular volume fraction correlated with β, the load-independent passive LV stiffness constant (r = -0.71, p = 0.001, and r = 0.58, p = 0.04, respectively). After multivariate analysis, post-contrast myocardial T1 time remained the only independent predictor of β. No significant associations were observed between myocardial T1 time and τ, the active LV relaxation constant, or other load-dependent parameters of diastolic function. Conclusions Diffuse myocardial fibrosis, assessed by post-contrast myocardial T1 time, correlates with invasively-demonstrated LV stiffness in cardiac transplant recipients. In patients with increased diffuse myocardial fibrosis, abnormal passive ventricular stiffness is therefore likely to be a major contributor to diastolic dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1118
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume63
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • diastolic dysfunction
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • myocardial fibrosis

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