Differential encoding for unlock heterodyning millimeter-wave RoF link

Guo Hao Thng, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, Mohamed Hisham Jaward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Millimeter-wave base stations are expected to be deployed within the 5G cellular network to increase data rate and network capacity. The use of unlocked heterodyning of free-running optical carriers with self-homodyning receiver has shown potential due to reduced system complexity contributed by its tolerance to laser phase noise. However, direct signal detection using self-homodyning receiver for phase-modulated signal would affect signal's phase integrity. In this paper, we propose the use of differential encoding and optical baseband modulation demonstrated through an optical Differential-Phase-Shift-Keying modulated system with a modified self-homodyning receiver to overcome the aforementioned issue while maintaining bandwidth efficiency. The proposed system is evaluated through software simulations. Results reveal that the proposed system achieves BER of 10−9 at -20.5dBm optical received power while remaining phase noise-tolerant, with negligible degradation in system performance up to MHz range laser linewidth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127221
Number of pages5
JournalOptics Communications
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Differential phase shift keying
  • Homodyning
  • Microwave photonics
  • Millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber
  • Unlocked heterodyning

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