BACKGROUND: The tocopherol-based excipient, TPM, when incorporated into a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)-based lipid formulation, has been previously shown to improve the solubilization of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) during in vitro digestion which is strongly correlated with enhanced exposure in vivo. METHODS: The current study aimed to gain further understanding of the MCT + TPM co-formulation, by assessing the formulation performance under fasted and fed in vitro digestion conditions, with different drug and excipient loading levels. Natural and synthetic-derived TPM were equivalent, and with d-α- tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) outperformed other derivatives in enhancing the solubilisation of CoQ10 during digestion. RESULT: Fed conditions significantly improved the solubility of CoQ10 during in vitro digestion of the formulation in comparison with fasted conditions. The addition of TPM at 10% (w/w) of the total MCT + TPM provided optimal performance in terms of CoQ10 solubilization during digestion. CONCLUSION: The results further highlights the potential of TPM as an additive in lipid formulations to improve the solubilization and oral bioavailability of poorly water-soluble compounds.
- phosphorylated tocopherol
- poorly water-soluble drug.