Differential activation of endopeptidase EC toward natural and synthetic substrates by metal ions

Adele J. Wolfson, Corie N. Shrimpton, Rebecca A. Lew, A. Ian Smith

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The activity of endopeptidase EC (thimet oligopeptidase, EP 24.15), as measured by cleavage of a quenched fluorescent substrate, 7-methoxycoumarin-4-acetyl-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-D-Lys (2,4-dinitrophenyl), was increased 2-3 fold by the addition of 1 mM Mn2+ or of 10 mM Ca2+. The inhibitory capability of a specific EP. 24.15 inhibitor, N-[1-(R,S)-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl]-Ala-Ala-Tyr-p-aminobenzoate was also increased at similar concentrations of these metal ions. However, the hydrolysis of naturally-occurring peptides, thought to be the physiological substrates for EP 24.15, was not affected by either Mn2+ or Ca2+. These results suggest that the binding of synthetic analogs to the enzyme may differ significantly from the binding, and thus hydrolysis, of natural peptide substrates and caution against drawing conclusions about substrate interactions with the active site from data obtained with modified peptide ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-348
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

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