Different Regions of Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte-Binding Antigen 175 Induce Antibody Responses to Infection of Varied Efficacy

Chris Y. Chiu, Michael T. White, Julie Healer, Jenny K. Thompson, Peter M. Siba, Ivo Mueller, Alan F. Cowman, Diana S. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Increasing evidence suggests that antibodies against merozoite proteins involved in Plasmodium falciparum invasion into the red blood cell play an important role in clinical immunity to malaria. Erythrocyte-binding antigen 175 (EBA-175) is the best-characterized P. falciparum invasion ligand, reported to recognize glycophorin A on the surface of erythrocytes. Its protein structure comprises 6 extracellular regions. Whereas region II contains Duffy binding-like domains involved in the binding to glycophorin A, the functional role of regions III-V is less clear. Methods. We developed a novel cytometric bead array for assessment of antigen-specific antibody concentration in plasma to evaluate the efficacy of immune responses to different regions of EBA-175 and associations between antibody levels with protection from symptomatic malaria in a treatment-reinfection cohort study. Results. We found that while antibodies to region II are highly abundant, circulating levels as low as 5-10 μg/mL of antibodies specific for region III or the highly conserved regions IV-V predict strong protection from clinical malaria. Conclusions. These results lend support for the development of conserved regions of EBA-175 as components in a combination of a malaria vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-104
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume214
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antibodies
  • erythrocyte-binding antigen 175
  • immunity
  • Malaria
  • Plasmodium falciparum

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