Differences in the Effectiveness of Psychosocial Interventions for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour in Women and Men: A Systematic Review of Randomised Controlled Trials

Karolina Krysinska, Philip J. Batterham, Helen Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to explore outcomes of preventive programs and psychosocial treatments for suicidal ideation and behaviour in gender sub-groups in mixed gender studies and in studies limited to one gender. The method used was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which included women or men only, or reported and/or examined outcomes of psychosocial interventions in mixed gender samples. A total of 27 (18%) of RCTs reported or examined differences in intervention outcomes. Of the mixed gender RCTs, 5 (33%) reported greater effectiveness for females than males. The review identified promising interventions in female-only samples. None of the trials reported greater effectiveness of the intervention in men. The majority of reviewed studies looking at treatment outcomes in gender sub-groups showed no differences between women and men or indicated that some psychosocial interventions are effective for women. There is a need for studies which look at gender effects and development of interventions more effective and appealing for men at risk of suicide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-32
Number of pages21
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • gender
  • psychotherapy
  • self-harm
  • suicidal behaviour
  • treatment

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