We described bacterial killing and resistance emergence at various fixed concentrations of meropenem and piperacillin/tazobactam against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Time-kill studies were conducted utilizing nine isolates and a large range of concentrations. Within each strain and antibiotic, initial killing was similar, with concentrations ≥2×MIC. At many (strain-specific) concentrations causing substantial initial killing, regrowth occurred at 24-48h. For remaining concentrations, growth typically remained suppressed (<5-log10 cfu/mL). The concentrations of meropenem required to suppress regrowth ranged from 2–8×MIC for P. aeruginosa and 2–64×MIC for E. coli. For piperacillin/tazobactam, the equivalent concentrations ranged from 8–16×MIC for P. aeruginosa and 4–16×MIC for E. coli. The number of less-susceptible bacteria increased with rising concentrations before decreasing at even higher concentrations. Suppression of regrowth and resistance was substantially improved with higher concentrations (typically ≥8×MIC), suggesting a benefit of higher β-lactam concentrations beyond those required for maximum initial killing.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2018|
- Bacterial killing
- beta-Lactam antibiotics
- In vitro studies