Difference in the characteristics of mortality reports during a heatwave period: Retrospective analysis comparing deaths during a heatwave in January 2014 with the same period a year earlier

Tony Pham, Caitlin Young, Noel Woodford, David Ranson, Carmel M.F. Young, Joseph E. Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives To describe the characteristics of deaths reported to the Coroners Court of Victoria (CCOV) during Victoria's last heatwave (14-17 January 2014) and subsequent 4 days (18-21 January) using medicolegal data obtained from both the police investigation report and the pathologist's report. Design, setting and participants A single-jurisdiction population-based retrospective analysis of consecutive heat-related deaths (HRDs) reported to the CCOV between 14 and 21 January 2014 with a historical comparison group. Main outcome measures Descriptive statistics were used to summarise case demographics, causes of death and the types of investigations performed. The cases from 2014 were subgrouped into HRD and non-HRD. Results Of the 222 cases during the study period in 2014, 94 (42.3%) were HRDs and 128 (57.7%) were non-HRDs. HRDs were significantly older than non-HRDs (70.5 years: SD=13.8 vs 61.0 years: SD=22.4, t(220)=3.60, p<0.001, 95% CI 4.3 to 14.6). The most common primary cause of death in HRDs was circulatory system disease (n=57, 60.6%), which was significantly higher when compared with non-HRDs (n=39, 30.5%; χ 2 =20.1, p<0.001, OR 3.5, 95% CI 2.0 to 6.2). HRDs required significantly greater toxicology investigation (89.4% (n=84) vs 71.9% (n=92); χ 2 =10.9, p<0.001, OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.54 to 7.03) and greater vitreous biochemistry testing (40.4% (n=38) vs 16.4% (n=21); χ 2 =16.0, p<0.001, OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.9 to 6.5). Conclusions A heatwave places a significant burden on death investigation services. The inclusion of additional laboratory tests and more detailed circumstantial information are essential if the factors that contribute to HRDs are to be identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere026118
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Open
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • coroner
  • heat-related death
  • heatwave
  • medico-legal

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