Dietary patterns and quality of life in older adults: A systematic review

Thara Govindaraju, Berhe W. Sahle, Tracy A. McCaffrey, John J. McNeil, Alice J. Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Dietary patterns may be related to quality of life (QoL) of older adults, although evidence from literature is conflicting. The demographic shifts toward ageing populations in many countries increases the importance of understanding the relationship between diet and QoL in older adults. This review was designed to investigate associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify articles published in English from January 1975 to March 2018 that investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. Relevant studies were identified based on set inclusion and exclusion criteria, data were extracted and analysed to examine the relationships and possible implications for public health recommendations. The systematic review included 15 articles (One randomized control trial, six prospective cohorts and eight cross sectional). The studies looked at correlations between different dietary patterns and/or adherence to particular dietary patterns and self-reported QoL or self-rated health status. Excluding two studies which showed no significant association, healthy dietary patterns were associated with better self-rated health and QoL in one or more domains, and adherence to healthy dietary patterns like the Mediterranean diet were significantly associated with improvement in at least one of the QoL domains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number971
Number of pages18
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Dietary patterns
  • Healthy ageing
  • Nutrition
  • Older adults
  • Quality of life
  • Systematic review

Cite this

@article{24e2d8a24da4459bae3ed0f23e78b9bf,
title = "Dietary patterns and quality of life in older adults: A systematic review",
abstract = "Dietary patterns may be related to quality of life (QoL) of older adults, although evidence from literature is conflicting. The demographic shifts toward ageing populations in many countries increases the importance of understanding the relationship between diet and QoL in older adults. This review was designed to investigate associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify articles published in English from January 1975 to March 2018 that investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. Relevant studies were identified based on set inclusion and exclusion criteria, data were extracted and analysed to examine the relationships and possible implications for public health recommendations. The systematic review included 15 articles (One randomized control trial, six prospective cohorts and eight cross sectional). The studies looked at correlations between different dietary patterns and/or adherence to particular dietary patterns and self-reported QoL or self-rated health status. Excluding two studies which showed no significant association, healthy dietary patterns were associated with better self-rated health and QoL in one or more domains, and adherence to healthy dietary patterns like the Mediterranean diet were significantly associated with improvement in at least one of the QoL domains.",
keywords = "Dietary patterns, Healthy ageing, Nutrition, Older adults, Quality of life, Systematic review",
author = "Thara Govindaraju and Sahle, {Berhe W.} and McCaffrey, {Tracy A.} and McNeil, {John J.} and Owen, {Alice J.}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/nu10080971",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "8",

}

Dietary patterns and quality of life in older adults : A systematic review. / Govindaraju, Thara; Sahle, Berhe W.; McCaffrey, Tracy A.; McNeil, John J.; Owen, Alice J.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 10, No. 8, 971, 01.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary patterns and quality of life in older adults

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Govindaraju, Thara

AU - Sahle, Berhe W.

AU - McCaffrey, Tracy A.

AU - McNeil, John J.

AU - Owen, Alice J.

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - Dietary patterns may be related to quality of life (QoL) of older adults, although evidence from literature is conflicting. The demographic shifts toward ageing populations in many countries increases the importance of understanding the relationship between diet and QoL in older adults. This review was designed to investigate associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify articles published in English from January 1975 to March 2018 that investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. Relevant studies were identified based on set inclusion and exclusion criteria, data were extracted and analysed to examine the relationships and possible implications for public health recommendations. The systematic review included 15 articles (One randomized control trial, six prospective cohorts and eight cross sectional). The studies looked at correlations between different dietary patterns and/or adherence to particular dietary patterns and self-reported QoL or self-rated health status. Excluding two studies which showed no significant association, healthy dietary patterns were associated with better self-rated health and QoL in one or more domains, and adherence to healthy dietary patterns like the Mediterranean diet were significantly associated with improvement in at least one of the QoL domains.

AB - Dietary patterns may be related to quality of life (QoL) of older adults, although evidence from literature is conflicting. The demographic shifts toward ageing populations in many countries increases the importance of understanding the relationship between diet and QoL in older adults. This review was designed to investigate associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify articles published in English from January 1975 to March 2018 that investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL in older adults. Relevant studies were identified based on set inclusion and exclusion criteria, data were extracted and analysed to examine the relationships and possible implications for public health recommendations. The systematic review included 15 articles (One randomized control trial, six prospective cohorts and eight cross sectional). The studies looked at correlations between different dietary patterns and/or adherence to particular dietary patterns and self-reported QoL or self-rated health status. Excluding two studies which showed no significant association, healthy dietary patterns were associated with better self-rated health and QoL in one or more domains, and adherence to healthy dietary patterns like the Mediterranean diet were significantly associated with improvement in at least one of the QoL domains.

KW - Dietary patterns

KW - Healthy ageing

KW - Nutrition

KW - Older adults

KW - Quality of life

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050947879&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/nu10080971

DO - 10.3390/nu10080971

M3 - Review Article

VL - 10

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 8

M1 - 971

ER -