Dietary approaches to reduce aortic stiffness

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stiffness of the body's largest artery, the aorta, is associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality, as well as neurological outcomes, such as stroke and cognitive decline. Maintaining low aortic stiffness from an early age may protect against diseases later in life. Numerous environmental variables are associated with aortic stiffness, including those relating to diet and lifestyle. To protect against CVD, numerous foods are advocated or discouraged based on their effects on blood pressure. Similarly, adhering to a dietary pattern associated with low aortic stiffness may aid in both the primary and secondary prevention of CVD. Dietary interventions may pharmacologically lower aortic stiffness through a variety of different mechanisms. This chapter reviews current evidence to establish whether specific dietary factors can be used to reduce aortic stiffness. Both epidemiological studies and randomized, controlled clinical trials are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Lipids in Human Function
Subtitle of host publicationFatty Acids
EditorsRonald Ross Watson, Fabien De Meester
Place of PublicationLondon, UK
PublisherAcademic Press
Chapter7
Pages141-161
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9781630670368
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Cardiovascular
  • Diet
  • Hypertension
  • Omega-3
  • Pulse wave velocity

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