Diet and Nutrition, and their Influence on Alzheimer's Disease and other Neurodegenerative Diseases

Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Rhona Creegan, Stephanie J. Fuller, Michele L. Callisaya, Velandai Srikanth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

Abstract

Whilst the links between a healthy diet and healthy heart are firmly established and well documented, the relationship between diet and brain health is less well understood. Emerging research is ensuring however, that the maxim of ‘what is good for your heart, is also good for your brain’ is gaining momentum. Nutritional status and dietary habits have long been known to influence risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), and they are now materialising as key factors influencing Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. This is compounded by the fact that both CVD and T2D are themselves risk factors for AD, and also by the fact that AD is an age‐related condition, and ageing is accompanied by an overall decline in digestive function, absorptive capabilities, and the assimilation of nutrients. Therefore, understanding the effect of macro‐ and micronutrients on neuronal biochemistry and AD pathology will provide opportunities for dietary manipulation to promote neuronal resistance to insults and reduce brain injury. This chapter discusses some of the key nutrients involved both directly in neuronal biochemistry, and indirectly by influencing peripheral metabolism, which in turn can modulate AD pathology.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNeurodegeneration and Alzheimers Disease
Subtitle of host publicationThe Role of Diabetes, Genetics, Hormones, and Lifestyle
EditorsRalph N. Martins, Charles S. Brennan, W.M.A.D. Binosha Fernando, Margaret A. Brennan, Stephanie J. Fuller
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Chapter5
Pages117-147
Number of pages31
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781119356752
ISBN (Print)9781119356783
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Rainey-Smith, S., Creegan, R., Fuller, S. J., Callisaya, M. L., & Srikanth, V. (2019). Diet and Nutrition, and their Influence on Alzheimer's Disease and other Neurodegenerative Diseases. In R. N. Martins, C. S. Brennan, W. M. A. D. Binosha Fernando, M. A. Brennan, & S. J. Fuller (Eds.), Neurodegeneration and Alzheimers Disease : The Role of Diabetes, Genetics, Hormones, and Lifestyle (1st ed., pp. 117-147). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119356752.ch5