Diammonium and Monoammonium Mixed-Organic-Cation Perovskites for High Performance Solar Cells with Improved Stability

Jianfeng Lu, Liangcong Jiang, Wei Li, Feng Li, Narendra K. Pai, Andrew D Scully, Cheng Min Tsai, Udo Bach, Alexandr N. Simonov, Yibing Cheng, Leone Spiccia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Remarkable power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of metal-halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are overshadowed by concerns about their ultimate stability, which is arguably the prime obstacle to commercialization of this promising technology. Herein, the problem is addressed by introducing ethane-1,2-diammonium (+NH3(CH2)2NH3 +, EDA2+) cations into the methyl ammonium (CH3NH3 +, MA+) lead iodide perovskite, which enables, inter alia, systematic tuning of the morphology, electronic structure, light absorption, and photoluminescence properties of the perovskite films. Incorporation of <5 mol% EDA2+ induces strain in the perovskite crystal structure with no new phase formed. With 0.8 mol% EDA2+, PCE of the MAPbI3-based PSCs (aperture of 0.16 cm2) improves from 16.7% ± 0.6% to 17.9% ± 0.4% under 1 sun irradiation, and fabrication of larger area devices (aperture 1.04 cm2) with a certified PCE of 15.2% ± 0.5% is demonstrated. Most importantly, EDA2+/MA+-based solar cells retain 75% of the initial performance after 72 h of continuous operation at 50% relative humidity and 50 °C under 1 sun illumination, whereas the MAPbI3 devices degrade by approximately 90% within only 15 h. This substantial improvement in stability is attributed to the steric and coulombic interactions of embedded EDA2+ in the perovskite structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700444
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume7
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Alkyldiammonium
  • Large area
  • Mixed-cations
  • Perovskite solar cells
  • Stability

Cite this

Lu, Jianfeng ; Jiang, Liangcong ; Li, Wei ; Li, Feng ; Pai, Narendra K. ; Scully, Andrew D ; Tsai, Cheng Min ; Bach, Udo ; Simonov, Alexandr N. ; Cheng, Yibing ; Spiccia, Leone. / Diammonium and Monoammonium Mixed-Organic-Cation Perovskites for High Performance Solar Cells with Improved Stability. In: Advanced Energy Materials. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 18.
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title = "Diammonium and Monoammonium Mixed-Organic-Cation Perovskites for High Performance Solar Cells with Improved Stability",
abstract = "Remarkable power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of metal-halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are overshadowed by concerns about their ultimate stability, which is arguably the prime obstacle to commercialization of this promising technology. Herein, the problem is addressed by introducing ethane-1,2-diammonium (+NH3(CH2)2NH3 +, EDA2+) cations into the methyl ammonium (CH3NH3 +, MA+) lead iodide perovskite, which enables, inter alia, systematic tuning of the morphology, electronic structure, light absorption, and photoluminescence properties of the perovskite films. Incorporation of <5 mol{\%} EDA2+ induces strain in the perovskite crystal structure with no new phase formed. With 0.8 mol{\%} EDA2+, PCE of the MAPbI3-based PSCs (aperture of 0.16 cm2) improves from 16.7{\%} ± 0.6{\%} to 17.9{\%} ± 0.4{\%} under 1 sun irradiation, and fabrication of larger area devices (aperture 1.04 cm2) with a certified PCE of 15.2{\%} ± 0.5{\%} is demonstrated. Most importantly, EDA2+/MA+-based solar cells retain 75{\%} of the initial performance after 72 h of continuous operation at 50{\%} relative humidity and 50 °C under 1 sun illumination, whereas the MAPbI3 devices degrade by approximately 90{\%} within only 15 h. This substantial improvement in stability is attributed to the steric and coulombic interactions of embedded EDA2+ in the perovskite structure.",
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author = "Jianfeng Lu and Liangcong Jiang and Wei Li and Feng Li and Pai, {Narendra K.} and Scully, {Andrew D} and Tsai, {Cheng Min} and Udo Bach and Simonov, {Alexandr N.} and Yibing Cheng and Leone Spiccia",
year = "2017",
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language = "English",
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Diammonium and Monoammonium Mixed-Organic-Cation Perovskites for High Performance Solar Cells with Improved Stability. / Lu, Jianfeng; Jiang, Liangcong; Li, Wei; Li, Feng; Pai, Narendra K.; Scully, Andrew D; Tsai, Cheng Min; Bach, Udo; Simonov, Alexandr N.; Cheng, Yibing; Spiccia, Leone.

In: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 7, No. 18, 1700444, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Lu, Jianfeng

AU - Jiang, Liangcong

AU - Li, Wei

AU - Li, Feng

AU - Pai, Narendra K.

AU - Scully, Andrew D

AU - Tsai, Cheng Min

AU - Bach, Udo

AU - Simonov, Alexandr N.

AU - Cheng, Yibing

AU - Spiccia, Leone

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KW - Large area

KW - Mixed-cations

KW - Perovskite solar cells

KW - Stability

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