Diagnostic accuracy of Immulite® TSI immunoassay for thyroid-associated orbitopathy in patients with recently diagnosed Graves’ hyperthyroidism

Brandon Thia, Myra B. McGuinness, Peter R. Ebeling, Jwu Jin Khong

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The Immulite® thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) immunoassay is a relatively new commercial assay that has shown good diagnostic accuracy in Graves’ hyperthyroidism (GH). However, its clinical utility in thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is less clear. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Immulite® TSI immunoassay for TAO and investigate the associations between TSI and other clinical measures. Methods: One hundred and forty patients that had been diagnosed with GH within the previous 12 months were recruited. Identification and grading of TAO were performed at enrolment and serum samples were analysed using the Immulite® TSI immunoassay. Results: Of the 140 participants recruited, 75 (53.6%) had TAO. Age, sex and time since GH diagnosis were similar between those with and without TAO (p ≥ 0.300). TSI level tended to decrease with increasing time from GH diagnosis (Spearman’s ρ − 0.28, 95% CI − 0.43, − 0.12). TSI levels were higher among those with than those without TAO (median 4.0 vs. 2.7 IU/L, respectively, p = 0.037). There was no correlation between TSI level and inflammatory index score (ρ = 0.14, 95% CI − 0.03, 0.30) or clinical severity (p = 0.527) among those with TAO. TSI level showed poor diagnostic accuracy for TAO (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.60, 95% CI 0.51, 0.70). Conclusions: Although Immulite® TSI level was higher in the presence of TAO, it showed poor diagnostic accuracy and no correlation with clinical markers of TAO severity or activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-870
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Graves’ orbitopathy
  • Immunoassay
  • Thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin
  • Thyroid-associated orbitopathy

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