Background: Visual assessment of diameter-stenosis on Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography (CTCA) lacks specificity to determine functional significance of coronary artery stenosis. Percent-aggregate plaque volume (%APV) and ASLA score, which incorporates Area of Stenosis, Lesion length, and area of myocardium subtended estimated by APPROACH score (Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease) have been described to predict lesion specific ischaemia in focal lesions with intermediate stenosis. Methods and results: Included were 81 patients (mean age 64.7 ± 9 years, 62% male; 94 vessels) who underwent 320- detector-row CTCA, invasive coronary angiography and fractional-flow-reserve (FFR). We examined vessels with wide range of diameter stenosis (mid to severe) and with multiple lesions. Invasive FFR of ≤0.8 was considered functionally significant. The first 54 patients (62 vessels) formed the derivation cohort. ASLA score was the best predictor of FFR ≤ 0.8 (AUC 0.83, p < 0.001) compared to %APV (0.72), CT >50% (0.76), APPROACH score (0.79), area-stenosis (0.73), diameter-stenosis (0.74), minimum-luminal-diameter (0.74), minimal-luminal-area (0.72), and lesion-length (0.67). ASLA score and not %APV, provided incremental predictive value when added to CT > 50 [(NRI 0.71, p = 0.005) vs. (NRI 0.01, p = 0.96)]. In the validation cohort of 27 patients (32 vessels), the ASLA score (AUC 0.85) was again a better predictor of FFR ≤ 0.8 compared to %APV (0.71), CT > 50% (0.66) and other CT indices. The AUC of ASLA score was superior to CTCA>50% (p = 0.001). Conclusion: ASLA score is a novel predictor of functional significance of coronary stenosis and adds incremental predictive value to CT > 50 but %APV did not.
- ASLA score
- Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography
- Coronary artery disease
- Fractional flow reserve
- Percent aggregate plaque volume