Diabetes Outcomes More than a Decade Following Sustained Weight Loss After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band Surgery

John M. Wentworth, Chloe Cheng, Cheryl Laurie, Stewart Skinner, Paul R. Burton, Wendy A. Brown, Paul E. O’Brien

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Long-term outcome data are needed to define the role of bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetes (T2D). To address this, we collated diabetes outcomes more than a decade after laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) surgery. Method: Clinical and biochemical measures from 113 obese T2D patients who underwent LAGB surgery in 2003 and 2004 were analyzed. Diabetes remission was defined as HbA1c < 6.2% (44 mmol/mol) and fasting glucose < 7.0 mmol/L. Results: Seventy-nine patients had weight data at 10 years and attained a median [Q1, Q3] weight loss of 16 [10, 21] percent. Sixty patients attended a follow-up assessment. Their baseline HbA1c of 7.8 [7.1, 9.3] percentage units (62 [54, 78] mmol/mol) had decreased to 6.6 [6.1, 8.4] (49 [43, 68] mmol/mol) despite no significant change in glucose-lowering therapy. Eleven patients (18%) were in diabetes remission and another 18 had HbA1c ≤ 6.5%. Significant improvements in physical measures of quality of life, blood pressure, and lipid profile were also observed but there was no change in the proportion of patients with albuminuria and a significant decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate. Twelve patients in the follow-up cohort (20%) required anti-reflux medication after surgery and 26 (43%) underwent gastric band revision surgery. Conclusion: Weight loss for over 10 years after LAGB surgery delivers clinically meaningful improvements in HbA1c, blood pressure, lipids, and quality of life at the cost of a high rate of revision surgery and increased use of anti-reflux medication. These findings support the use of bariatric surgery as a long-term treatment for weight loss and wellbeing in patients with T2D. Study Registration: Registered with the Australian Clinical trials registry as ACTRN12615000089538.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)982-989
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band
  • Long-term
  • Obesity
  • Outcomes
  • Quality of life
  • Type 2 diabetes

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