Dexamethasone for Cardiac Surgery trial (DECS-II): Rationale and a novel, practice preference-randomized consent design

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Background: Numerous studies have investigated high-dose corticosteroids in cardiac surgery, but with mixed results leading to ongoing variations in practice around the world. DECS-II is a study comparing high-dose dexamethasone with placebo in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: We discuss the rationale for conducting DECS-II, a 2800-patient, pragmatic, multicenter, assessor-blinded, randomized trial in cardiac surgery, and the features of the DECS-II study design (objectives, end points, target population, based on practice preference with post-randomization consent, treatments, patient follow-up and analysis). Conclusions: The DECS-II trial will use a novel, efficient trial design to evaluate whether high-dose dexamethasone has a patient-centered benefit of enhancing recovery and increasing the number of days at home after cardiac surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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