Developmental changes in brain network hub connectivity in late adolescence

Simon Thomas Edward Baker, Dan Lubman, Murat Yucel, Nicholas Brian Allen, Sarah Whittle, Benjamin D Fulcher, Andrew Zalesky, Alexander Fornito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The human brain undergoes substantial development throughout adolescence and into early adulthood. This maturational process is thought to include the refinement of connectivity between putative connectivity hub regions of the brain, which collectively form a dense core that enhances the functional integration of anatomically distributed, and functionally specialized, neural systems. Here, we used longitudinal diffusion magnetic resonance imaging to characterize changes in connectivity between 80 cortical and subcortical anatomical regions over a 2 year period in 31 adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 years. Connectome-wide analysis indicated that only a small subset of connections showed evidence of statistically significant developmental change over the study period, with 8% and 6% of connections demonstrating decreased and increased structural connectivity, respectively. Nonetheless, these connections linked 93% and 90% of the 80 regions, respectively, pointing to a selective, yet anatomically distributed pattern of developmental changes that involves most of the brain. Hub regions showed a distinct tendency to be highly connected to each other, indicating robust “rich-club” organization. Moreover, connectivity between hubs was disproportionately influenced by development, such that connectivity between subcortical hubs decreased over time, whereas frontal–subcortical and frontal–parietal hub–hub connectivity increased over time. These findings suggest that late adolescence is characterized by selective, yet significant remodeling of hub–hub connectivity, with the topological organization of hubs shifting emphasis from subcortical hubs in favor of an increasingly prominent role for frontal hub regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9078-9087
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Neuroscience
Volume35
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • connectome
  • development
  • graph theory
  • MRI
  • structural connectivity

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